André Lançon said Auguste Lançon (Saint-Claude, Jura, 1836 – Paris, 1885)
“Woman defeated by a tiger”
Oil on canvas
Dated : 1867
Dimensions : 233 x 195,5 cm (with frame) and 200 x 164 cm (without frame)
This painting is a part of a diptych with “men defeated by a lion”
Auguste-André Lançon was born the 16 december 1836 in Saint-Claude. He studied in the secondary school of Saint-Claude, at the age of 7 he enters as an apprentice in a priting shop of Lons-le-Saunier. It was a short learning in Lyon he will master his job as a lithographer. In the meantime he took part of an entry competition at the School of beaux-art of Lyon. Received at the school, he was immediatly allowed to follow courses of the director, the painter Bonnefont who had noticed his ability in drawings. After his stay in Lyon from 1853 to 1857, he went to Paris and enters, in 1858, the workshop of Picot, where he didn’t stay for long. The multiple performances, on the street, the zoological garden, the morgue was much more entertaining for him than a frigid and correct teaching of a member of the institut. In 1861, he made his first paintings, we saw at the exhibition of Lyon some “Tucors” and in Paris ” The portrait of Mr. Lançon father”. From 1860 Lançon worked in “Temps, illustrateur universel” with Daumier and in ‘l’Illustration”. No salon in 1862, in 1863 the jury accept one of his painting “Cimetière des moines”, however they refused his second work “La sentinelle et le Clairon”. Lançon wasn’t the first to be wiped by the jury: he was in the company of Manet, Jongkind, Whistler, Pissarro, Fantin-Latour and others. in the next salon he exposed “un ours dans un paysage” (1864),”cuirassier en vedette” (1866) … with influence of Delacroix he painted “an arab defeated by a lioness” and ” a tiger drinking” in the salon of 1868, he took a big turn, this shows his large knowledge in the muscles and fur of the felines. In the salon of 1869, two paintings where there “mille huit cent treize” and “Lions” His talent growing will gave a free career in the etchings . He used his drawings to illustrate “la troisième invasion” of Eugène Veron (July 1870 – march 1871) It was the most dismal commentary on the war. The name of Goya was pronounced when we saw exhibited in the Salon of 1873 a following of the 17 strong-water dedicated to the Franco-German campaign. The connoisseurs weren’t wrong. And without doing a parallel between the etchings of Lançon and the planks of disaster of the war of the spanish master, we can confirm that this engraver attained the dramatic power of Goya In the next salons, he produced new series of etchings that gave him his reputation. He will expose in the salons of 1874,1876,1877,1879,1880,1882.
Lançon was an untiring worker till his last moment, he was really sick with diabetes and was transported in the hospital Necker where he died the 14 april 1885, he was 48. He was buried in the cemetery Montparnasse : on his tomb was inaugurated in november 1891 a monument elevated with subscription : a headstone with a mask of the artist in bronze by Charles Gautier, with a low relief reproducing one of his etchings : “Lion drinking”.
(Bibliography : Excerpt of “la gazette des beaux-arts” of 1920 by Charles Léger)